What Is Osseointegration and How Does It Work?

posted in: Restorative Dentistry | 0

To people who are considering dental implants, it is essential for them to strictly follow the tips provided by the dentist during the healing period. Non-immediate implant procedure requires patients to undergo a healing period that usually lasts for several months. During this time, it is essential for them to secure successful osseointegration. To know the importance of the said process, read the information we at Buffalo Creek Dental have prepared below.

dental implant

Osseointegration is the process where the bone fuses with a biocompatible material placed into them. And in the case of a dental implant, it is the screw-like device made of titanium. The fusion that takes place is an essential factor that makes the procedure more stable and secure in the mouth. Apart from the fusion, the process also promotes the growth of the jawbone, which helps to strengthen the supporting oral structure further.

How does Osseointegration work?

The process usually takes three to six months to complete, which can be divided into four phases.

Phase 1: Hemostasis (stopping the flow of blood)

The process begins when the hole where the post will go into is drilled and that the titanium post comes into contact with the jawbone. Natural responses like minor bleeding will take place and healing will begin. Proteins in the ruptured blood vessels will leak out and adhere to the implant post. Thrombocytes (a type of platelet) will also be released as the blood vessels heal so that the area will be sealed.

Phase 2: Inflammation

The body will respond several hours after the surgery by releasing its immune functions. It is done to clean the tissues, oral bacteria, and chipped bone matters from the wound. What then happens is the blood vessels become porous, causing some cells (endothelial) to move apart and allow the other immune cells (polynuclear leukocytes or PMLs) to enter. PML, which is an immune cell, fight off the bacteria and even causes the release of macrophages to locate and eat more bacteria.

Phase 3: Proliferation

Few days following the procedure, the connective tissues would release another type of cell known as fibroblasts to enter the wound and produce collagen as well as other types of fiber. Due to this, new blood vessels can form for the oxygen levels to be restored. Thanks to the reestablished oxygen flow, the healing of the treated site will resume.

After a week of the initial procedure, bone cells known as osteoclasts will trigger the occurrence of a vital process for the healing stage. The osteoclasts cells will dissolve some of the bone to let the new bone tissues form. These new tissues would then connect to the implant post with the help of collagen. At the end of the week, patients already have a new layer of bone around the surface of the titanium implant post. This formation is crucial since it secures the stability of the placed post in the jawbone.

Phase 4: Remodelling

After a few weeks, the new bone structures are already remodeling themselves to become more responsive to the occlusal forces applied. This occurrence is thanks to the growth of bone structures at right angles. Months after the initial procedure, the lamellar bone, which is a robust bone structure, allows the implant-supported prostheses to be fully functional.

After knowing the processes that take place for osseointegration and its role in dental implants, make sure to follow the instructions given by the dentist to secure success!

Aiming to restore your teeth as natural as it was before? Consider our Dental Implant offers in Mustang, OK! Call or visit us at Buffalo Creek Dental to get started with the procedure.